This modest monument is dedicated to perhaps the best known Bulgarian revolutionary, Vasil Levski (1837-1873).
Born Vassil Ivanov Kunchev but nicknamed Levski or the lion-like, he reached the status of a nearly mythical hero while still alive.
Levski traveled around the 19th century Bulgarian lands and organized ethnic Bulgarians into underground revolutionary committees, with a secret plan to revolt against Ottoman rule.
A dedicated republican and an admirerer of democratic principles his motto of "for a pure and sacred republic" is a phrase known by every Bulgarian today.
Levski was betrayed and arrested by the authorities before the revolt he organized saw the light of day. He was tried on a charge of subversion and was sentenced to death.
It is a commonly held belief that the sentence was carried out in the vicinity of the today's monument.
Several years after his death, in April of 1876, to a big degree as a direct result of Levski's work, Bulgarians rose up for their freedom in what became known as the April Uprising. A somewhat naïve endeavor, lacking ammunitions, training, and, to a certain extent, mass support, it got off to a bad start and had to begin prematurely due to a betrayal from within.